Avian Flu (Bird Flu): Symptoms, Prevention, Vaccine-Things to know about the (H10N3) Avian flu!

Covid-19 wave is still vigorous around the globe and now on this Tuesday, China has confirmed the first human case that is infected with H10N3 avian flu. This virus is commonly referred to as Bird Flu. Moreover, China has added the words that the risk of spreading this flu among people is very low.

So, what is this H10N3 bird flu? H10N3 is a kind of low pathogenic, in other words low severe virus strain and it carries a very low risk of spreading the infection on a large scale. There are different strains of avian influenza found in China, and among those some possess the capabilities of periodically infecting people, especially those who work with poultry.

H10N3 is a type of the Influenza A virus that is generally referred to as the bird flu virus. In general this virus is harmful to wild birds and poultry and this is a kind of virus that is possibly spread through respiratory droplets, just like the flu and COVID-19. This was reportedly said by Yang Zhanqi – who is a deputy director of the Pathogen Biology Department located at Wuhan University.

Find here the explanation for the first Human Case Reported in China

What happened in China on Tuesday? A 41-year-old man from Jiangsu province which is located northwest of Shanghai came to hospital on April 28 with symptoms of fever and other related symptoms. According to Reuters, he was diagnosed with virus infection on May 28, a month later. WHO- The World Health Organization reported that it is surprising and unclear how this man contracted the first known human case of H10N3 – the rare strain of bird flu.

The source of the exposure of the patient to H10N3 bird flu is not very clear at this time and however, the good news is no more cases have been found in the emergency surveillance. The health officials are making the necessary investigation on this first human case and how the person was infected, besides this WHO added that there is no evidence that this virus can spread from human to human. Also there is very little or no possibilities for a widespread outbreak.

In fact, the man is found to be stable and ready to be discharged from hospital. As of now no other cases have been detected from his close contacts and the man is under medical observation, reported by the health commission.

Is H10N3 avian influenza dangerous?

There are many strains of avian influenza; however, most of them don’t spread among humans. After the detection of highly pathogenic H5N1 strain that was reported in humans in the year of 1997 in Hong Kong during a poultry outbreak, Global surveillance systems have been strongly monitoring for any human cases.

The birds that are infected leave the avian flu infection in their mucus, saliva, and poop. When humans infected with this virus get in the eyes, mouth or nose, or if they inhale infected droplets or dust, the possibilities are that they get affected.

The health commission has reported that this H10N3 avian influenza is low pathogenic and has no evidence for severe diseases in the poultry and no chances for rapid spread. Although some viruses are capable of passing from birds to humans, so far there are no cases or possibilities for transmitting between humans.

Avian flu Symptoms and steps to prevent the spread among people

So far, the following symptoms have been reported:

  • Fever
  • Pink eye
  • Cough
  • Muscle aches
  • Sore throat
  • Stomach pain
  • Diarrhea
  • Vomiting and nausea
  • Shortness of breath and difficulty in breathing
  • Pneumonia
  • Collapsed mental health
  • Seizures

Ways to avoid the infection spread among people

  • People should refrain themselves from the direct contact of sick or dead poultry. Moreover they should keep themselves in as little contact with the live birds as possible.
  • As of now, great attention is needed in consuming hygienic foods.
  • Wearing a mask is advised for better self-protection. And it is good to have an eye on the symptoms for fever and respiratory disorders. 

Is there any vaccine against H10N3?

Still now, there is no vaccine against this bird flu. This is treated just like the ordinary flu and antiviral medication is prescribed like peramivir, oseltamivir (Tamiflu) or zanamivir. If any of this bird flu is found to spread among people, then there may be measures or actions initiated to make a vaccine quickly – said by Dr Sellick.

The concern of experts against this bird flu

Since the spread of avian flu from birds to humans is not a regular case and it is very rare, as of now the disease experts will be concerned while this happens. It is found that only a small subgroup of avian flu viruses is able to do the transmission from human to human. These viruses are able to make illnesses that could range from mild to severe. Dr. Schaffner said that H10N3 is not reported to be transmitted from person to person, and it’s a good thing. He explained they are monitoring all sorts of events.

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